Mining Minjerriba to end 2019

There are three mines on North Stradbroke Island, all owned by Sibelco Australia Limited (formerly called Unimin Australia Limited), a Belgian owned multi-national company:-

1. Enterprise, also known as ’Devastation South’ which would run out of minerals by 2027 (at the latest) anyway, even if allowed to continue longer (see official information under ‘library/resources’ tab).

2. Yarraman (Devastation North) which runs out of minerals in 2013.
Mining at the Enterprise and Yarraman mines is for mineral sands: zircon, rutile and ilmenite. The main mining method is dredge mining, with some dry mining. These two mines employ about 100 people, only half of whom live on the island.

3. The third mine, Vance, a silica sand mine (Devastation West) employs only 13 people.


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Link to a film produced by Sibelco on their own mining work on the island of Minjerribah (North Stradbroke Island)...

Sky Reading


Weatherwise is the sea wo/man’s ability to read the sky and refers to lore of clouds and sky colour bequeathed by past generations of seaman and country folk and it is an art to read them



Red Sky at Night, sailor’s delight;

Red sky in the morning, Sailor’s warning.





Shine after dark on clear nights are the highest clouds found at around 50miles above earth and consist of ice-coated particles from outer space.

Cirrus (High level) clouds are the most common type of cloud then and whips meaning ground-level wind will soon strengthen.


‘mackerel sky’ clouds consist entirely of ice crystals and appear as white patches or spherical masses arranged in regular patterns like ripples of sand in the sky.  But with air movement the clouds can look to be like markings on a mackerel.




These clouds are associated with cold fronts often forming at night when temperatures are low. Appearing as rolls arranged in lines or waves.




Fleecy and seperate from each other it allows the sun to shine directly on the clouds, so they appear very white with clearly defined edges.


Most common near mountains and coasts and if at ground level it appears as fog which clears by way of evaporation of its lowest layer, and remaining fog becomes stratus cloud. Often forming overnight in fine weather especially over water.



These deep and large clouds have a menacing appearance produce thunder storms, hailstorms and tornados and torrential snow or rain. Illuminated from within by Lightning sparking.



Rolls or rounded masses of darker clouds giving a textured appearance. Converging rays of light  are created at dawn and suck with sunlight shining through any gaps illuminating dust particles.




Moon Glade

Mulmakul; Death Adder

Auntie Margaret Iselin told me that Adder Rock's traditional name is Mulmakul meaning death adder and that Adder Rock was place of the death adder.

She also said to me that the old people knew it as a "place of healing" as they would lay upon the hot rocks. Mulmakul captures winter's gabura biyigi and and the last hours of summers setting biyigi. No matter what season 'jara' captures 'budlubara' here,  Mulmakul; yanggabara.

Words and spelling taken from Jandai Language Dictionary self published by the Minjerribah Moorgumpin Elders-in-Council in 2011.


Green Man

 screen grab Google image search "green man'

screen grab Google image search "green man'

"The label “Green Man”... dates back only to 1939, when it was used by Lady Raglan (wife of the scholar and soldier Major Fitzroy Somerset, 4th Baron Raglan) in her article “The Green Man in Church Architecture”, published in the “Folklore” journal of March 1939.


The most common... interpretation of the Green Man is that of a pagan nature spirit, a symbol of man’s reliance on and union with nature, a symbol of the underlying life-force, and of the renewed cycle of growth each spring. In this respect, it seems likely that he has evolved from older nature deities such as the Celtic Cernunnos and the Greek Pan and Dionysus.


Several other ancient cultures also had green deities, often with some features in common with the Green Man. These include: Humbaba, the ancient Sumerian guardian of the cedar forest, as well as Enkidu, the wild man of the forest in Sumerian mythology, both of which date back to at least 3000 BCE; the Egyptian corn-god Osiris, who is often depicted with a green face representing vegetation and rebirth; Attis, a Phrygian god of vegetation and Nature; the Tibetan Buddhist deity Amoghasiddhi; the Hindu demon Kirtimukha; Tlaloc, the Aztec god of rain, fertility and water; and several others. Some of the features incorporated into ancient representations of these gods reappear centuries later in the Green Man. For example, the “Face of Glory” of the Hindu Kirtimukha is usually shown with a mouth issuing leaves, notably missing a lower jaw, and there are several similar representations of a jawless Green Man in Europe.


Many modern Neo-Paganists and Wiccans, partly as a result of the influential work of Margaret Murray, see the Green Man as a variant of the pagan Horned God, which is in turn a syncretism of several older nature and fertility deities, including the Greek gods Pan and Dionysus, the Roman Silvanus, the Celtic Cernunnos, the Hindu Pashupati, etc (both Dionysus and Cernunnos were sometimes portrayed with hair composed of stylized leaves and vegetation).


The very fact that images of the Green Man have appeared historically in such disparate and apparently unconnected locations have led some commentators, notably Roweena Pattee Kryder and William Anderson, to suggest that the figure is part of our collective unconscious, and represents a primeval archetype (in Jungian parlance) which is central to our relationship with Nature.


In the same way, the modern resurgence may have been triggered by the environmental crisis we are currently living through. In its modern revival, in the wake of James Lovelock’s Gaia Hypothesis and the birth of the modern Green movement, the Green Man can be seen as the archetype of the “conservator”, whose brief is to counsel us to take from the environment only what we need to survive and to conserve the rest, and to remind us of our responsibilities for the stewardship of the natural world. A quote from Mike Harding succinctly summarizes this position: “If anything on this poisoned planet gives us hope of renewal it is this simple foliate head that has been there in one form or another since the beginning".

CONCEPT: Islands of Innocence

TITLE: Islands of Innocence - A multi media exhibition
TIME: One night only June 6pm - 9pm, 2018


The projected imagery and audio included in this exhibition elucidate emotive regard for islands such as innocence and reverence; qualities essential if we are to preserve the environmental integrity of islands, the ecologies they support and their surrounding habitats.

Still and moving imagery from the Quandamooka, Lord Howe and Solomon Islands will be projected onto suspended screens in the North Stradbroke Island Museum Foul Ward over static displays of human centric histories contrasted with fluid imagery and audio of innocence and dis/respect.

Iconic Shore Line Imagery from the Seventh Seal

"Disillusioned knight Antonius Block (Max von Sydow) and his nihilistic squire Jöns (Gunnar Björnstrand) return after fighting in the Crusades and find Sweden being ravaged by the plague. On the beach immediately after their arrival, the knight encounters Death (Bengt Ekerot), personified as a pale, black-cowled figure resembling a monk. The knight, in the middle of a chess game he has been playing alone, challenges Death to a chess match, believing that he can forestall his demise as long as the game continues. Death agrees, and they start a new game...

All scenes except two were shot in or around the Filmstaden studios in Solna. The exceptions were the famous opening scene with Death and the Knight playing chess by the sea and the ending with the dance of death, which were both shot at Hovs Hallar, a rocky, precipitous beach area in north-western Scania....

As it was written in a program note that accompanied the movie's premier "It is a modern poem presented with medieval material that has been very freely handled...The script in particular—embodies a mid-twentieth century existentialist angst…”


Melvyn Bragg interviews Ingmar Bergman (1978)

On the seventh seal...

Melvyn Bragg

"The film starts with the knight on the shore playing chess and then death turns up rather like a monk, why is…"

Igmar Bergman

“Or a clown if you want it…"

Melvyn Bragg

"You decided to make him a man…rather than a presence?"

Igmar Bergman

"Yes Because that is the fascination and the majic of the stage or the cinema or the picture. I think it’s marvellous".


Colour of Sound

BBC radio documentary programme on the relationship between sound and colour explores Isaac Newton’s “optickal” theories...

"Music in the 17th and 18th centuries and long before wasn’t just the sound we heard, it was a bigger binding idea of a universal system of proportions, and ratios that connected the cosmos together".

Kadinsky later in the 20th century wrote

"Colour is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul".

Pictured is Composition V11, 1913 by Wassily Kandinsky. 






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Darwin and Plutichik's EMOTIONS

Plutchik proposed that 'basic' emotions of anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise, anticipation, trust, and joy. are biologically primitive and have evolved in order to increase the reproductive fitness of the animal. Plutchik argues each of these emotions are a trigger to behaviour with high survival value, such as the way fear inspires the fight-or-flight response.

Plutchik's psychoevolutionary theory of basic emotions has ten postulates.

- The concept of emotion is applicable to all evolutionary levels and applies to all animals including humans.

- Emotions have an evolutionary history and have evolved various forms of expression in different species.

- Emotions served an adaptive role in helping organisms deal with key survival issues posed by the environment.

- Despite different forms of expression of emotions in different species, there are certain common elements, or prototype patterns, that can be identified.

- There is a small number of basic, primary, or prototype emotions.

- All other emotions are mixed or derivative states; that is, they occur as combinations, mixtures, or compounds of the primary emotions.

- Primary emotions are hypothetical constructs or idealized states whose properties and characteristics can only be inferred from various kinds of evidence.

- Primary emotions can be conceptualized in terms of pairs of polar opposites.

- All emotions vary in their degree of similarity to one another.

- Each emotion can exist in varying degrees of intensity or levels of arousal.

"Basic Emotions--Plutchik". Retrieved 1 September 2017.

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Darwins The expressions of the emotions in man and animals was a landmark work which is still used as a source.[2] The following list is taken from the chapter-headings in the book.

  • Suffering and weeping
  • Low spirits, anxiety, grief, dejection, despair
  • Joy, high spirits, love, tender feelings, devotion
  • Reflection, meditation, ill-temper, sulkiness, determination
  • Hatred and anger
  • Disdain, contempt, disgust, guilt, pride, helplessness, patience, affirmation and negation
  • Surprise, astonishment, fear, horror
  • Self-attention, shame, shyness, modesty, blushing.

The book is famous as being the first scientific book which used photographs as a major part of the evidence. Emotions, he decided, were behavioural traits which evolved. Darwin pointed out how the human face is adapted to show many of these emotions: it has muscles for facial movements which are not possible in other mammals. On the other hand, other mammals do have ways of showing many of these emotions.

Retrieved from March 18, 2018

Colour of Emotion

Wisdom, communication, love, wisdom and logic, sexuality and identity, anger.

Call to Action March 7


TAG - Call to ACTION

To all Members (and friends) of the Toondah Action Group (TAG)

This Wednesday morning our Council will consider the community petition to stop the Toondah PDA. That is the time to rally (from 9am) and exercise our democratic rights to inform Council what we think about their stance on Toondah.

This action was foreshadowed last week and we asked TAG members to "pencil in the date, place and time so we can show Councillors the level of community anxiety and opposition to the Toondah scheme.

The council is considering what can only be described as a feeble report on the petition.  The Report has been complied by the Redlands Investment Corporation and does no justice to the matters at hand or for the Councillors supposedly considering a community petition, a petition signed by over 1400 people.

The stop Toondah rally will be on Wednesday....7th March 2018.
When: 9- 9:30 am (in advance of the actual meeting)
Where: In front of the Redland City Council Chambers, in Bloomfield Street Cleveland
What to bring: a pair of Gum boots or walking boots (or even old shoes) to wave  and show we want to give Walker's the BOOT (a good photo shoot).

Who should attend:  Any one concerned about the 3600 apartments planned for Toondah Harbour, the delayed upgrade of the port facilities, the impacts on the Ramsar area and other environmental values, the traffic and congestion in Cleveland and impacts on the existing CBD and so much more. 

Further the deceitful consultation and the poor planning that underpins the current development scheme should be dealt with now to re-start the planning process in a modern and transparent way.
The Toondah Development has been poorly planned since its inception but the Report to Council clearly shows the secrecy and commercial commercial-in-confidence arrangements have been used to keep the community in the dark on so many aspects of the scheme.

Color, noise and movement is the order of the day from 9am until 9:30am.  Those wanting to witness the performance of Councillors should then proceed to the Council Chambers.  Other members of TAG may adjourn to Bloomfield Park for a debrief, conversation and a coffee.

Help stop the rort, and fix the port! 

Come along Wednesday for 30 minutes or so! Make a stand our Councillors can't ignore. 

Steve MacDonald
President Redlands2030

Australian Bush Flower Essence Remedies

"Australia has the world's oldest and highest number of flowering plants exhibiting tremendous beauty and strength. Also Australia is relatively unpolluted and metaphysically has a very wise, old energy...

The Bush Essences are a system of healing that anyone can use for themselves or prescribe for others. Although Flower Remedies have been used by many cultures for thousands of years, the Australian Bush Flower Essences meet the great need for remedies that help people address the issues of the 21st century - sexuality, communication skills and spirituality to name but a few. The answer to this need (which has come from the Australian plants), has been developed and researched by Naturopath, Ian White, a fifth generation Australian herbalist".

Retrieved from March 5, 2018.

Fringed Violet treats damage to the aura caused by trauma or shock, grief or distress. It maintains psychic protection for those who are drained by others or take on the physical or emotional imbalances of others.

Crowea is the flower of peace and calm, integration of ones feelings and emotional clarity.

Boab Tree is found only in the Kimberley region of northwest Australia. Boab Essence is understood to release negative family patterns and non family karmic connections.

The essence of Red Helmet Orchid allows sensitivity, respect, consideration and male bonding.

Innocence and Elements

Low resolution images and high winds are  crucial ingredients of these images which explore the exquisite pleasures of youth, the senses and nature elements.

JOURNEYING: Morovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands

Marovo Lagoon is a large saltwater lagoon located in the Solomon Islands, north of Vanuatu and encompasses 700 square kilometers. Protected by a double barrier reef system, Marovo Lagoon is World Heritage listed.

The Solomon Islands are a group of over 600 islands with only six being main islands.

The lagoon is a complex mix of terrestrial and marine habitats. Despite its remarkable environmental integrity ocean acidification has affected Morovo Lagoon, in particuler corals.

Planet earth has become warmer with human behaviour and our industries being prime contributors. Global warming is causing ocean waters to rise and the numbers of cyclones to grow and this has affected the health of coral reefs everywhere, causing spawning season to come one month early this year in Morovo. Coral bleaching occurs when Zooxanthellae (are single-celled dinoflagellates that are able to live in symbiosis with marine invertebrates such as corals, jellyfish, and sea anemones) which are pushed out of there tissue and eventually die - turning the corals white as though they have been bleached.


Reflecting on the Our City Our Culture 2008-2018 Cultural Plan for Redlands...

Memorably, I visited the tiny library at the back of the Point Lookout hall 10 years ago with my small baby to find butchers paper and fat marker pens on a table beckoning responses to questions about arts, culture and community. My opinion was being sort!

The consultative process for the Redland CIty Council Our City Our Culture 2008-2018 was second to none.

Life long friendships were developed and extraordinary collaborations enabled.

On the strength of that consultative process I curated public art in the University of Queensland's Moreton Bay Research Station (showcasing Quandamooka woman Belinda Close's work), I built festivals, as multi media artist I collaborated with island people from the sciences and education to rangers, and attracted Arts Queensland, Australia Council for the Arts, philanthropic monies and artists from around the country to the Redlands.

This cultural policy legitimated my earlier arts and cultural practice of several decades spanning Australia and Europe. I was inspired. It was chaperone and I witness to native title determinations on the island in 2011 and the emergence of the Quandamooka Festival, 2015.

The phenomena of 'artists in residencies' was mentioned in this document. I made artists' residencies the seeding and back ground of my work on Minjerriba (North Stradbroke ISland) 2009-2014, in particular with the Lines in the Sand ephemeral arts Festivals.

We respected 'indigenous protocols and practices' of caring for Country and embedded it into the fibre of our organisation concerned.

'Enterprise' (another noun from the policy) was activated during the Lines in the Sand Festivals with Craig Tapp's Mulung Art and sand ochre art launching in 2011.

This same year Lines in the Sand ran an event Quandamooka Celebrating and Sharing Culture which gave rise to a renaissance of traditional reed harvesting and weaving on the island and ensuing gallery exhibitions and workshops.

Having laid early ground work in events concerned with culture, country and community, Lines in the Sand deferred to the inaugural Quandamooka Festival in 2015.

The Mudlines artists' residencies on the Southern Moreton Bay islands are legacy of Lines in the Sand as is Migaloo Press with exhibition proposals current at the Redland Gallery. is a highly credible archive of this ongoing process; curating dynamic and responsive art making committed to local ecology and social change on the small islands of Moreton Bay. This website is a meaty asset to the Redlands filled with  film, galleries, resources and interviews laden with meaning. We created stories of local significance relevant to global audiences and are recognised in the global ephemeral or nature art movement. In 2013 we received good practice recognition from Creative Partnerships Australia and with endorsement from dozens of island businesses effected the typically quiet winter tourism market on the island.

Much of this work is included in scholarly writing by way of my most recent research work with QUT and at international Small Islands of the World Conference in 2017.

I can only hope that the next RCC cultural policy lends itself to inspiring a new generation of artists and cultural workers, seeding and nourishing ideas and building ecologies of creative possibility across its diverse geographic and cultural scapes.

Jo-Anne Fay Duncan


JOURNEYING: Lord Howe Island

Shaped like a crescent moon, Lord Howe island is a volcanic remnant in the Tasman Sea between Australia and New Zealand. 600 km east of mainland Port Macquarie, and about 900 km (560 mi) southwest of Norfolk Island. We journeyed by air.

There are 28 islands, islets and rocks that are the Lord Howe Island cluster.

"The first reported sighting of Lord Howe Island took place on 17 February 1788, when Lieutenant Henry Lidgbird Ball, commander of the Armed Tender HMS Supply, was en route from Botany Bay to found a penal settlement on Norfolk Island.[8] On the return journey Ball sent a party ashore on Lord Howe Island to claim it as a British possession.[9] It subsequently became a provisioning port for the whaling industry," Retrieved from January 29, 2018.

The only breeding site for sooty terns in NSW, is Lord Howe Island. After their annual migration to the Sea of Japan, these birds and their young can be found in prolific numbers and of cacophonous auditory assault at Blinky Beach, Lord Howe Island.